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Although commonly referred to as a fruit, the fig is actually the infructescence or scion of the tree, known as a false fruit or multiple fruit, in which the flowers and seeds are borne. … Ficus carica has milky sap (laticifer). The sap of the fig’s green parts is an irritant to human skin.



The common fig tree has been cultivated since ancient times and grows wild in dry and sunny areas, with deep and fresh soil; also in rocky areas, from sea level to 1,700 metres. It prefers relatively light free-draining soils, and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Unlike other fig species, Ficus carica does not always require pollination by a wasp or from another tree,[11][12] but can be pollinated by the fig wasp, Blastophaga psenes to produce seeds. Fig wasps are not present to pollinate in colder countries like the United Kingdom.[13] Bud Leaves and immature fruit Figs in various stages of ripening The plant can tolerate seasonal drought, and the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climate is especially suitable for the plant. Situated in a favorable habitat, old specimens when mature can reach a considerable size and form a large dense shade tree. Its aggressive root system precludes its use in many urban areas of cities, but in nature helps the plant to take root in the most inhospitable areas. The common fig tree is mostly a phreatophyte that lives in areas with standing or running water. It grows well in the valleys of the rivers and ravines saving no water, having strong need of water that is extracted from the ground. The deep-rooted plant searches groundwater, in aquifers, ravines, or cracks in the rocks. The fig tree, with the water, cools the environment in hot places, creating a fresh and pleasant habitat for many animals that take shelter in its shade in the times of intense heat. The mountain or rock fig ("Anjeer Kohi", انجیر کوهی, in Persian) is a wild variety, tolerant of cold dry climates, of the semi-arid rocky mountainous regions of Iran, especially in the Kohestan Mountains of Khorasan.[10]


There is a practice among the Italian diaspora living in cold-winter climates of burying fig trees to overwinter them and protect the fruit-producing hard wood from cold.[14] This is a common practice introduced by Italian immigrants in the 19th century in cities such as New YorkPhiladelphiaBoston and Toronto, where winters are normally too cold to leave the tree exposed.[15] A trench is dug appropriate to the size of the tree (in some cases more than 10 feet tall), part of the root ball is severed, and the tree is bent into the hole. It is often wrapped in waterproof material to discourage mould and fungus from developing, then covered with a heavy layer of soil and fallen leaves. Sometimes plywood or corrugated metal is placed on top to secure the tree in place.[16] In borderline climates like New York City burying the trees is no longer a requirement as winter lows have become milder. Often they are simply wrapped in plastic and other insulating material, or not protected at all if planted in a sheltered spot against a sun-reflecting wall.[15]

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    – FIG

        – DRY FIG

          -HONEY FIG


If you struggle with snack cravings during the day, keeping dried fruit on hand might be just what you need to stick to your diet. While most dried fruit is moderately high in calories, it’s also full of nutrients, and a healthier option than the empty calories in the vending machine. Opting for dried figs, either as a snack on their own or as part of a meal, offers several nutritional benefits, since they’re high in a few key nutrients you need for good health.

High Fiber for Heart Health

Arguably the biggest health bonus of snacking on dried figs is their fiber content. Just a half-cup of dried figs, less than 200 calories’ worth, packs in more than 7 grams of dietary fiber. That’s between 20 and 30 percent of the fiber you need daily, depending on your age and sex. Fiber isn’t just good for keeping you regular, though it certainly does help with that, but also helps you feel fuller after a snack, regulates your blood sugar levels and also promotes healthy blood cholesterol.



Dried figs also up your intake of potassium , which means they pack a one-two punch for nerve health. Like calcium, potassium is key for nerve function and muscle contraction – including the muscle and nerve cells in your heart. Potassium has other heart benefits, too. It works as a counterbalance to sodium in your body; so while sodium increases your blood pressure, potassium lowers it. For this reason, eating potassium-packed foods is one way to keep your blood pressure in check. A half cup of figs has around 500 milligrams of potassium, or slightly more than 10 percent of your daily needs.

                 FIG                                                                       Figs are a delicious treat that thrive in warm climates, but can also be grown in more temperate regions with a bit of extra care. Figs thrive in areas with long and hot summers (Zones 8 and warmer), though they can also be grown in colder zones if grown in containers and properly insulated from freezing temperatures or brought indoors.

The common fig tree (Ficus carica) is the most popular species of fig for home gardeners because its flowers do not require pollination to yield figs. Many varieties of the common fig tree exist, including hardy cultivars that can be grown outdoors in slightly cooler climates (Zones 6 and 7). Other species of figs either do not produce edible fruit or have very specific pollination requirements (such as needing to be pollinated by a certain type of wasp), making them too much trouble for home gardeners to grow.

Figs can be eaten fresh from the tree, preserved, or used in cooking.                     

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Interested? Shop this dry fig collection

Dried figs are rich in antioxidants, and even more than natural figs. Available product for a few rupees in my shop.